According to state media, China launched an unmanned module on Thursday that will serve as living quarters for three crew members on a permanent space station that it expects to complete by the end of 2022. The “Tianhe,” or “Harmony of the Heavens,” module was launched at 11:23 a.m. from the Wenchang Space Launch Centre on Hainan’s southern island. (0323 GMT) on China’s biggest carrier rocket, the Long March 5B. Tianhe is one of three key components of what will be China’s first self-developed space station, competing with the International Space Station, which is currently in use (ISS). The United States, Russia, Europe, Japan, and Canada all support the ISS.
The United States forbade China from taking part. In a congratulatory address, President Xi Jinping said, “(Tianhe) is a significant pilot project in the construction of a strong nation in both technology and space.”Tianhe serves as the Three crew members’ primary living quarters onboard China’s space station, which is scheduled to last at least ten years. The Tianhe mission was the first of 11 that would be needed to finish the space station, which would orbit Earth at a height of 340 to 450 kilometres (211-280 miles). China would deploy the two remaining core modules, four manned spacecraft, and four cargo spacecraft, in subsequent flights. The space station programme started a decade ago with the launch of Tiangong-1, a space lab, in 2011 and Tiangong-2, a space station, in 2016.
10 more modules, 4 manned spaced
The Tianhe mission was the first of 11 needed to complete the space station, which would orbit the Earth at a height of 340 to 450 kilometres. China would deploy the two remaining core modules, four manned spacecraft, and four cargo spacecraft, in subsequent flights. Both assisted China is testing the space rendezvous and docking capability of the programme. By 2030, China wants to be a global space force. With missions to the moon, the launch of an uncrewed probe to Mars, and its space station building, it has stepped up its space programme. The fate of the ageing International Space Station, which has been in orbit for more than two decades, remains unknown. Without financing from its investors, the project will end in 2024. Russia said earlier this month that it would leave the initiative in 2025. As tensions with the United States escalate, Russia is strengthening its relations with China in space. Moscow has slammed the US-led Artemis moon exploration scheme, opting instead to team up with Beijing in the coming years to establish a lunar research outpost. Before the station’s completion next year, Beijing expects at least ten more equivalent missions, sending all of the extra equipment into space. It would transit the Earth at a height of 340 to 450 kilometres (210-280 miles). The International Space Station (ISS) is the only existing space station in orbit, and it is a joint venture between Russia, the United States, Canada, Europe, and Japan. It has been decided that China will not be allowed to participate.
It now has ambitious plans beyond Earth, having caught up with other nations at a breakneck pace. Beijing has agreed to create its space station after being kicked out of the International Space Station by the United States.No other countries will have its orbital space lab when the Tiangong station is operational – perhaps as early as next year – although it will be just a quarter the size of the foreign site. Missions to Mars and a lunar base with Russia are being discussed here. The parallels with the Cold War space race are obvious: rational technological aspirations mingled with foreign suspicion, the possible militarization of space, and main programmes lauded as new milestones to validate the massive sums of money invested.
China’s space dream
The mission, according to Chen Lan, a space analyst who specialises in China’s space programme, is a “huge deal.”He said, “This will be China’s largest foreign space cooperation programme, so it’s important.”China has made no secret of its space aspirations in recent years. China has invested heavily in space exploration, and in 2019 it became the first country to send an unmanned rover to the Moon’s far side. President Xi Jinping has also backed the country’s space efforts, and the Chinese state media often portrays the “space dream” as a move toward “cultural rejuvenation.”
The country’s space agency announced the crash into the Pacific Ocean on Monday. Beijing time on April 2,” the China Manned Space Engineering Office said (0115 GMT). Engineers launched Skylab’s booster rockets on July 11, 1979, when the space station was quickly descending from orbit, hoping to set it down in the Indian Ocean. Though huge portions of the space station ended up in the ocean, other pieces scattered residential areas of Western Australia. The 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 isn’t the only significant human spaceflight milestone this month. Today (July 11) marks the 40th anniversary of NASA’s defunct Skylab space station falling to Earth, scattering large chunks of hardware across the Indian Ocean and Western Australia. China is a country in Asia. China is not a member of the International Space Station, and no Chinese nationals have ever been on board. China has its own modern human space initiative, Mission 921, which has collaborated and exchanged human and robotic space programmes with countries including Russia and Germany. In four different cases, a total of 18 people have died either in orbit or while preparing for a space flight. Given the dangers of space travel, this figure is remarkably poor.
“While the foreign partner governments have allowed ISS to run until at least December 2024, from a technical perspective, we have cleared ISS to fly until the end of 2028,” NASA officials said in a statement to Space.com. If humans should not retire it, the dangers of space will inevitably do so. The crew spent 28 days in space with Skylab. Two more missions followed, with launch dates of July 28, 1973 (Skylab 3) and November 16, 1973 (Skylab 4), respectively, and mission duration of 59 and 84 days. On February 8, 1974, the last Skylab crew returned to Earth. The Skylab space station, which hosted revolving astronaut crews from 1973 to 1974, finally crashed to Earth in fragments that landed in Australia.
Many of those artefacts are still on display in Australian museums, providing a remarkable look into America’s first attempt at space travel. The Skylab programme aimed to demonstrate that humans could live and work in space for extended periods, as well as to broaden our understanding of solar astronomy beyond Earth-based observations. Despite early mechanical problems, the programme was a complete success. Currently, about 2,000 functioning satellites are orbiting Earth, with a further 3,000 dead satellites littering space. Furthermore, there are almost 34,000 pieces of space junk larger than 10 centimetres in diameter, as well as millions of smaller pieces, all of which may be catastrophic if they collide with anything else.