On Saturday (June 4), Google paid tribute to Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose, with its artistic doodle. On the identical date 98 years again, June 4, 1924, Bose despatched his paper on quantum formulations to Albert Einstein. The nice Einstein quickly acknowledged it as a major discovery in quantum mechanics and up to now, Bose is understood finest for his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate.
SN Bose was born in Kolkata on January 1, 1894. Bose went to Kolkata’s prestigious establishments – Hindu College after which Presidency Faculty. In line with information experiences, it was Bose’s accountant father who ignited his ardour for maths. Earlier than leaving for work on daily basis, he would go away Bose with an arithmetic downside which he would then resolve, thus stoking his curiosity in a topic that we’d go on to grasp later in life. He pursued a Bachelor of Science diploma at Calcutta’s Presidency Faculty and earned a Grasp’s in Utilized Arithmetic on the College of Calcutta.
In line with Britannica, “Bose, a graduate of the University of Calcutta, taught at the University of Dacca (1921–45) and then at Calcutta (1945–56). Bose’s numerous scientific papers (published from 1918 to 1956) contributed to statistical mechanics, the electromagnetic properties of the ionosphere, the theories of X-ray crystallography and thermoluminescence, and unified field theory. Bose’s Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta (1924) led Einstein to seek him out for collaboration.”
When he started giving lectures on physics by finish of 1917, whereas instructing postgraduate college students Planck’s radiation method, doubts crept in. Bosequestioned the way in which particles have been counted. He then began to experiment together with his personal theories and got here up with the report – Planck’s Regulation and the Speculation of Gentle Quanta, which he despatched to a reputed science journal, The Philosophical Journal. Nonetheless, the journal rejected his papers and it was then that he determined to mail his paper on to the good physicist Albert Einstein. And Einstein agreed with him and very quickly, utilized Bose’s method to a variety of phenomena. He had Bose’s paper translated and revealed in German below Bose’s identify.
SN Bose’s theoretical paper grew to become one of the vital essential findings in quantum idea. Quickly, recognition adopted at house because the Indian authorities, recoginising his contribution to physics, bestowed him with the Padma Vibhushan – the very best civilian award within the nation.